- optical analysis
- Study of properties of a substance or medium, such as its chemical composition or the size of particles suspended in it, through observation of effects on transmitted light, such as scattering, absorption, refraction, and polarization.
Forensic science glossary. John C. Brenner . 2012.
Look at other dictionaries:
Optical mapping — Optical mapping is a technique for constructing ordered, genome wide, high resolution restriction maps from single, stained molecules of DNA, called optical maps . By mapping the location of restriction enzyme sites along the unknown DNA of an … Wikipedia
Optical burst switching — (OBS) is an optical networking technique that allows dynamic sub wavelength switching of data. OBS is viewed as a compromise between the yet unfeasible full optical packet switching (OPS) and the mostly static optical circuit switching (OCS). It… … Wikipedia
Optical mark recognition — (also called Optical Mark Reading and OMR) is the process of capturing human marked data from document forms such as surveys and tests. Contents 1 OMR background 2 OMR software 2.1 Open Source … Wikipedia
Optical transfection — is the process of introducing nucleic acids into cells using light. Typically, a laser is focussed to a diffraction limited spot ( 1 µm diameter) using a high numerical aperture microscope objective. The plasma membrane of a cell is then… … Wikipedia
Optical character recognition — Optical character recognition, usually abbreviated to OCR, is the mechanical or electronic translation of scanned images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text into machine encoded text. It is widely used to convert books and documents into… … Wikipedia
Optical tweezers — (originally called single beam gradient force trap ) are scientific instruments that use a highly focused laser beam to provide an attractive or repulsive force (typically on the order of piconewtons), depending on the refractive index mismatch… … Wikipedia
Optical beam induced current — (OBIC) is a semiconductor analysis technique performed using laser signal injection. The technique uses a scanning laser beam to create electron–hole pairs in a semiconductor sample. This induces a current which may be analyzed to determine the… … Wikipedia
Optical lens design — refers to the calculation of lens construction parameters (variables) that will meet a set of performance requirements and constraints, including cost and schedule limitations. Construction parameters include surface profile types (spherical,… … Wikipedia
Optical rotation — (optical activity) is the turning of the plane of linearly polarized light about the direction of motion as the light travels through certain materials. It occurs in solutions of chiral molecules such as sucrose (sugar), solids with rotated… … Wikipedia
Optical granulometry — is the process of measuring the different grain sizes in a granular material, based on a photograph. Technology has been created to analyze a photograph and create statistics based on what the picture portrays. This information is vital in… … Wikipedia